M. S. College of Pharmacy, Devghar
Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease and group of metabolic disorder. Which the main symptom associated with this disease is the high levels in blood for a long period. It can be categorized to the world’s major diseases considering that affects high population in earth and presents two main types i and ii. Diabetic is a chronic disease which affects global population from long time. “Diabetes mellitus”, is one of the most common non-communicable conditions worldwide. India faces several challenges in diabetes operation, including a rising frequence in civic and pastoral areas, lack of complaint mindfulness among the public, limited health care installations, high cost of treatment, sour glycaemic control and rising frequence of diabetic complications. Insulin remedy for diabetes is most generally delivered via subcutaneous injections, up to four times a day. Long- term insulin remedy, compounded by the invasive nature of its administration, has caused problems with patient compliance, eventually impacting patient issues. There’s an increase in the frequence of type 1diabetes also, but main cause of diabetic epidemic is type2 diabetes mellitus, which accounts for further than 90 percent of all diabetes cases. Type2 diabetes is a serious and common habitual complaint performing from a complex heritageterrain commerce along with other threat factors similar as rotundity and sedentary lifestyle. diabetes mellitus is a complaint occurs due to metabolic problems is most frequent encyclopedically. The main suggestion of diabetes mellitus is a hyperglycemia in blood which is due to unhappy pancreatic insulin stashing or low insulin- directed fostering of glucose by target cells. Diabetes mellitus can be varied into several types but the two major types are type 1 and type 2. For type 1 diabetes cases insulin renewal remedy is the backbone, for case with type 2 diabetes there must be a control diet and life revision in type 2 insulin is vital when blood glucose are unfit to control by nutritive remedy, physical exertion and other specifics for the cure of type 2 dm oral hypoglycemic agents are preferred. In type 1 new approaches like island transplantation and artificial pancreas were developed.
Manasi Patil*, Abraul Haque, Tanmaya Patil, A Review On Diabetes Mellitus: Complications, Management And Treatment, Int. J. in Pharm. Sci., 2023, Vol 1, Issue 11, 71-80. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10065611