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Abstract

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of lungs espacillay affecting the alveoli, and the parenchyma of the lung. Whereas aspiration pneumonia is a significant health care concern characterized by inflammation of lung parenchyma due to inhalation of foreign materials, including gastric contents and oropharyngeal secretions. This article provides a comprehensive over view of etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management strategies for aspiration pneumonia. The pathogenesis of aspiration pneumonia is complex, involving both chemical and bacterial components. Radio graphic imaging, such as chest X-rays and computed tomography scans, aids in identifying consolidations or infiltrates in the lung parenchyma. Antibiotic therapy should be tailored based on the causative microorganisms and local resistance patterns. This review also explores the therapeutic advancements that holds promise for enhancing the management of aspiration pneumonia.

Keywords

Aspiration pneumonia, inflammation, Dysphagia, Mechanism of Aspirational pneumonia

Reference

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P. Shabeera
Corresponding author

Department of pharmacology, Krishna Teja Pharmacy College, Chadalawada Nagar, Renigunta Road, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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V. Mounika
Co-author

Department of pharmacology, Krishna Teja Pharmacy College, Chadalawada Nagar, Renigunta Road, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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S. Rasheed
Co-author

Department of pharmacology, Krishna Teja Pharmacy College, Chadalawada Nagar, Renigunta Road, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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A. Shajara Rahin
Co-author

Department of pharmacology, Krishna Teja Pharmacy College, Chadalawada Nagar, Renigunta Road, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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B. G. Hemanth
Co-author

Department of pharmacology, Krishna Teja Pharmacy College, Chadalawada Nagar, Renigunta Road, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

P. Shabeera*, V. Mounika, S. Rasheed, A. Shajara Rahin, B. G. Hemanth, Pneumonia and types & An Over view on aspiration pneumonia, Int. J. of Pharm. Sci., 2024, Vol 2, Issue 1, 675-689. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10570770

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