Department of Pharmaceutics, SNJB’s Shriman Sureshdada Jain College of Pharmacy, Chandwad Dist: Nashik, India
The design, manufacture, characterisation, and use of structures, devices, and systems on the nanometric scale are the focus of the multidisciplinary scientific field known as nanotechnology. The design, characterization, production, and applications of structures, devices, and systems are all related to nanotechnology and can be controlled to improve patient compliance. Imaging, biosensor, and medication delivery systems are just a few examples of the pharmaceutical nanotechnology that is used in pharmacies. Pharmaceutical nanoparticles have diameters ranging from 5 nm to 300 nm and a variety of morphologies. They are sub-nanoscale structures comprised of several tens or hundreds of atoms or molecules. Drugs and bioactive substances are among them. The pharmaceutical industry's present use of nanotechnology includes the creation of biosensors, biomarkers, nanorobots, tissue engineering, and nanomedicine. Pharmaceutical nanotechnology has opportunities to enhance materials, medical equipment, and contribute to the creation of new technology in fields where more established and conventional technologies may have reached their limits. As a result, advancements in this field will open up new doors for the medical and pharmaceutical industries in the years to come. Disease detection and treatment have improved thanks to nanotechnology, which makes use of nanostructures as a tool. These particles frequently have surfactants and/or polymeric stabilizers attached to their surface, which stabilizes the pure active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) that makes up these particles. The common range of particle sizes is 1 nm to 1000 nm. This method has demonstrated promise in the treatment of AIDS, cancer, and numerous other conditions. The scope and opportunity of nanotechnology in pharmacy, the challenges and prospects for the field, and the future of nanotechnology in pharmacy are the main topics of this review article. It also discusses recent advances in nanostructures and nanotechnology for medication delivery, nanomedicine, cures, drug discovery, cosmetics, and the delivery of medications.
Abhijit Bhosle*, Dr. Nayana Baste, Nanotechnology and its Therapeutic and Cosmetic Applications: A Review, Int. J. in Pharm. Sci., 2023, Vol 1, Issue 10, 85-101. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8428579