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Abstract

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of breast cancer linked with a grim prognosis and restricted treatment options. The necessity for confirmed prognostic and predictive biomarkers remains crucial to steer treatment choices and prognostic assessments. This article delves into both established and evolving prognostic and predictive biomarkers of TNBC, coupled with emerging and authorized therapeutic approaches. The spectrum of biomarkers assessed encompasses epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), androgen receptor, oxidative stress/redox signaling, microRNAs, TP53 mutation, breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 or 2 (BRCA1/2) mutation/homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), NTRK gene fusion, PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, immune-related biomarkers (such as programmed death-ligand 1 (PDL1), tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), tumor mutational burden (TMB), neoantigens, flaws in DNA mismatch repair proteins (dMMR)/microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H)). Additionally, the study scrutinizes novel targets of antibody?drug conjugates and residual disease. The integration of biomarker-guided strategies in TNBC management is witnessing growth, consequently broadening the horizons of available options for individuals afflicted by this specific breast cancer subtype. Research endeavors persist in their pursuit of identifying supplementary biomarkers and pinpointing targeted treatment avenues, all in the overarching aim of enhancing clinical outcomes and extending survival rates.

Keywords

triple-negative breast cancer; biomarkers; prognostic

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Prudence A Rodrigues
Corresponding author

Professor, department of pharmacy practice, PSGcollege of pharmacy

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Preethi nivedhaa A
Co-author

Psg college of pharmacy

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Sneha B
Co-author

Psg college of pharmacy

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Ranjith kumar P
Co-author

Psg college of pharmacy

Prudence A. Rodrigues, Preethi A. Nivedhaa, Sneha B., Ranjith P. Kumar, Solubility Enhancement, Prognostic Biomarkers For Triple Negative Breast Cancer: A Narrative Review,Int. J. of Pharm. Sci., 2024, Vol 2, Issue 1, 311-327. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10523663

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