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Abstract

Background: Little is known about the prevalence, typology and natural course of non-drug-induced sexual dysfunction in patients with anxiety disorder. The degree of sexual dysfunction and its prevalence appears to be corelated with the severity of disease. Aims and objectives: The aim of the study is to find the prevalence and pattern of sexual dysfunction among drug naïve patient having anxiety disorder and its correlation. Materials and Methods: Anxiety disorder was established according to ICD-10 criteria. Patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were subjected to Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale to assess the severity of their anxiety and Arizona Sexual Experience Scale questionnaire to assess sexual dysfunction if any in confidentiality. Settings and Design: 2 years (September 2013- August 2015), cross-sectional study, out-patient department, Department of Psychiatry, Regional Institute of Medical Science Imphal, Manipur. Sexual functioning was then evaluated using the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX) in local language translated from the original English version.9 Reliability of the translated version was established by doing a pilot study. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 21. Chi square test was used and p value of less than 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Result: 50 patients with anxiety disorder were enrolled for the study. 42 percent of them were found to have sexual dysfunction. More problems were found with sexual desire and arousal phases of sexual life. A positive correlation was established between the severity of illness and the degree of sexual dysfunction. Conclusion: This study showed that majority of such patients has sexual problems especially with regard to desire for sex and arousability. The degree of sexual dysfunction was found to be proportional to the severity of anxiety and hence may be an important predictor of sexual dysfunction among depressed patients.

Keywords

Anxiety disorder, sex, sexual dysfunction

Reference

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Swagnik Roy
Corresponding author

Department of psychiatry, Zoram Medical College, Falkawn, Mizoram

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Lalhriatpuia
Co-author

Department of RIMS, Imphal, Manipur

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Raj Kumar Lenin Singh
Co-author

Department of RIMS, Imphal, Manipur

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Rajesh Rongpi
Co-author

Department of psychiatry, Zoram Medical College, Falkawn, Mizoram

Lalhriatpuia, Raj Kumar Lenin Singh, Rajesh Rongpi, S Roy, Sexual Dysfunction among drug-naïve anxiety disorder patient in a multidisciplinary teaching hospital, Int. J. in Pharm. Sci., 2023, Vol 1, Issue 6, 13-17. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8025620

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