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Abstract

Azolla pinnata has been used for centuries in Southeast Asia as a fertilizer in rice production. A new perspective of the plant as a veterinary nutrition was taken into consideration. Azolla pinnata is a small fern with a triangular frond measuring up to 2.5 centimeters in length which floats on the water. The plant Azolla pinnata was collected from rural area of the Nashik. It was dried under a shade for 2-3 days. The size reduction was carried out. Further nutritions were added to the dried powder of Azolla pinnata. By using wet granulation method granules were prepared. The prepared granules were feed to animals like, Cow, Goat, Hen and fishes. The result was observed an increase in production of milk in Cow and goat whereas weight in Hen and fishes.

Keywords

Azolla pinnata, Organic Fertilizer, Veterinary Nutrition, Granules

Introduction

In the modern world, the changes in the life style, nature of work and food habits increases the incidents of serious diseases like coronary heart diseases, obesity and diabetes. Phytogenic feed additives have gained increased interest in animal feed to avoid the residual effects of synthetic drugs. This situation apparently demands for the search for medicinally active as well as nutritionally rich and cheap non-conventional feed resources. Feeds of plant origin, as the green plants are recognized as excellent sources of protein, fat and pharmacologically active secondary metabolites. Recent study reveals that the aquatic plants are good sources of primary and secondary metabolites. Aquatic plants are gaining much interest in food and biomedical research, resulting from its broad range of uses such as human food, animal feed and bio-fertilizers. Azolla is a free floating fresh water fern belonging to the family Azollaceae and order Pteridophyta. It is a common bio fertilizer in rice crop. It grows in association with the blue-green. Anabaena azollae, is considered to be the most promising because of the ease of cultivation, high productivity and good nutritive value.

SUB HEADING:

Exploring Azolla Pinnata: A Nutritional Solution in Veterinary Care – A Case Study from Nashik, India

FIGURES:WORKING PRINCIPLE



       
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CONCLUSION:

It concludes that feeding prepared of A pinnata granules for cow, hen, fish, goat shows increasing production of milk in cow, goat, weight of hen & fish & it indicates that nutrition content in cow, hen, fish & goat.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:

I would like to express my gratitude and appreciation to my Guide Dipali.K.Kadam & Dipali.V.Jain whose valuable guidance that helped me to complete this Article and make it full proof success her suggestions and instructions has served as the major contribution towards the completion of the Article. I would also like to thank Dipali.K.Kadam & Dipali.V.Jain for giving such a wonderful opportunity and guidance to complete this Article.

RESULT:

The result was observed an increase in production of milk in Cow and goat whereas weight in Hen and fish

REFERENCES:

  1. Kumar P. Technical note: phytoremediation of Hg and Cd from industrial effluents     using  an aquatic free floating macrophyteAzolla Pinnata. Int J Phytoremediation. 2008 Nov;10(5):430–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226510802100606.
  2. Kumar P. Microcosm investigation on phytoremediation of Cr usingAzolla Pinnata. Int J Phytoremediation. 2009 Nov;12(1):96–104. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226510902767155.
  3. Setiawati MR, et al. The application dosage ofAzolla Pinnata in fresh and powder form as organic fertilizer on soil chemical properties, growth and yield of rice plant. Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols. 2018 Feb. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5021210.
  4. Utomo R, et al. Effect of composted animal manure as fertilizer on productivity ofAzolla Pinnata grown in earthen ponds. Online J Biol Sci. 2019 Nov;19(4):232–6. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2019.232.236.
  5. Das M, et al. Evaluation of freshAzolla Pinnata as a low-cost supplemental feed for Thai silver barbBarbonymus Gonionotus. Fishes. 2018 Mar;3(1):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes3010015.
  6. Roshidi MDA, et al. The effect of different fertilizer and extraction method on secondary metabolites ofAzolla Pinnata. Acta Chem Malaysia. 2020 Jun;4(1):28–32. https://doi.org/10.2478/acmy-2020-0005.
  7. Basak B, et al. Azolla (Azolla Pinnata) as a feed ingredient in broiler ration. Int J Poultry Sci. 2002 Dec;1(1,2,3):29–34. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2002.29.34.
  8. Gowda NMM, et al. Azolla (Azolla Pinnata) as a green feed supplement for dairy cattle- an on farm study. Anim Nutr Feed Technol. 2015 Jan;15(2):283–283. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-181x.2015.00031.1.
  9. Reid J, et al. Phylogenetic relationships in the heterosporous fern genusAzolla (Azollaceae) based on DNA sequence data from three noncoding regions. Int J Plant Sci. 2006 May;167(3):529–38. https://doi.org/10.1086/501071.
  10. Naggar SE, El-Mesery HS. Azolla Pinnata as unconventional feeds for ruminant feeding. Bull Natl Res Cent. 2022 Mar;46(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42269-022-00752-w.
  11. "Wikipedia - Azolla pinnata." Wikipedia. Available from:      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azolla_pinnata.

Reference

  1. Kumar P. Technical note: phytoremediation of Hg and Cd from industrial effluents     using  an aquatic free floating macrophyteAzolla Pinnata. Int J Phytoremediation. 2008 Nov;10(5):430–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226510802100606.
  2. Kumar P. Microcosm investigation on phytoremediation of Cr usingAzolla Pinnata. Int J Phytoremediation. 2009 Nov;12(1):96–104. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226510902767155.
  3. Setiawati MR, et al. The application dosage ofAzolla Pinnata in fresh and powder form as organic fertilizer on soil chemical properties, growth and yield of rice plant. Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols. 2018 Feb. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5021210.
  4. Utomo R, et al. Effect of composted animal manure as fertilizer on productivity ofAzolla Pinnata grown in earthen ponds. Online J Biol Sci. 2019 Nov;19(4):232–6. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2019.232.236.
  5. Das M, et al. Evaluation of freshAzolla Pinnata as a low-cost supplemental feed for Thai silver barbBarbonymus Gonionotus. Fishes. 2018 Mar;3(1):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes3010015.
  6. Roshidi MDA, et al. The effect of different fertilizer and extraction method on secondary metabolites ofAzolla Pinnata. Acta Chem Malaysia. 2020 Jun;4(1):28–32. https://doi.org/10.2478/acmy-2020-0005.
  7. Basak B, et al. Azolla (Azolla Pinnata) as a feed ingredient in broiler ration. Int J Poultry Sci. 2002 Dec;1(1,2,3):29–34. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2002.29.34.
  8. Gowda NMM, et al. Azolla (Azolla Pinnata) as a green feed supplement for dairy cattle- an on farm study. Anim Nutr Feed Technol. 2015 Jan;15(2):283–283. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-181x.2015.00031.1.
  9. Reid J, et al. Phylogenetic relationships in the heterosporous fern genusAzolla (Azollaceae) based on DNA sequence data from three noncoding regions. Int J Plant Sci. 2006 May;167(3):529–38. https://doi.org/10.1086/501071.
  10. Naggar SE, El-Mesery HS. Azolla Pinnata as unconventional feeds for ruminant feeding. Bull Natl Res Cent. 2022 Mar;46(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42269-022-00752-w.
  11. "Wikipedia - Azolla pinnata." Wikipedia. Available from:      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azolla_pinnata

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Siddharth Avinash Kale
Corresponding author

K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

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Deepali K. Kadam
Co-author

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

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Dipali V. Jain
Co-author

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

Photo
Shraddha Kamankar
Co-author

Student Of K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

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Shruti Zaware
Co-author

Student Of K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

Photo
Swaraj Patil
Co-author

Student Of K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

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Kaveri korde
Co-author

Student Of K. K. Wagh College of Pharmacy, Nashik

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Gauri Mahale
Co-author

Student Of Poona College Of Pharmacy, Pune

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Archana Pawar
Co-author

Department of Pharmaceutics, SNJBs SSDJ College of Pharmacy Chandwad, Nashik

Deepali K. Kadam, Dipali V. Jain, Siddharth Kale, Shraddha Kamankar, Shruti Zaware , Gauri Mahale, Swaraj Patil, Kaveri Korde, Archana Pawar, The Use Of Azolla Pinnata In Veterinary Nutrition: A Case Study Of Nashik, India, Int. J. of Pharm. Sci., 2024, Vol 2, Issue 5, 755-757. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.11210208

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