1Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Background: Hypertension is prevalent in geriatric, and non-adherence to prescribed medications can significantly impact their health and quality of life. Home Medication Review (HMR) is an emerging intervention aimed at enhancing medication management and improving adherence among this vulnerable population. This study explores the influence of HMR on medication adherence in hypertensive geriatric patients in the Dakshina Kannada region of India. Methods: A community-based research design was employed, involving a sample of 50 hypertensive geriatric patients of Dakshina Kannada. Medication adherence was assessed through MMAS-8 scale and the subjects were classified into high, medium and low. Structured interviews and questionnaires were used to gather data on socio-demographic characteristics, health status, and patient perspectives on HMR. Data analysis included statistical test (Student t-test) to determine the impact of HMR on medication adherence. Results: Preliminary results indicate a positive correlation between HMR and improved medication adherence among participants. During the pre-intervention phase, it was found that 40% had low medication adherence. Intervention study included interventions by oral counselling using PIL, pill card, pill box, medication reminder alarms and mobile apps according to the categories mentioned above. After 2 months, post-intervention study showed improvement in medication adherence i.e., low medication adherence was reduced to 22%. The post intervention phase exhibited higher rates of adherence which showed that patients receiving HMR were more likely to achieve and maintain better medication adherence.
Satish S., Shamili P.*, Ramakrishna Shabaraya A, A Community Based Study To Assess The Impact Of Home Medication Review On Medication Adherence Among Hypertensive Geriatric Patients Of Dakshina Kannada, Int. J. in Pharm. Sci., 2023, Vol 1, Issue 11, 221-226. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10092733