1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA
2Department of Pharmacy Practice, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA
3Department of Pharmacy Practice, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA
Background: Prescription pattern analysis provides information on current drug use in order to ensure rational drug therapy. WHO developed core drug use indicators which considered as the first line indicator for evaluation of drug use in health care settings. ICUs represents an important platform for conducting prescription pattern studies as patients are seriously ill and are often suffering from chronic critical illness. Multiple medications from a variety of pharmacological classes are prescribed to these patients and this significantly raises their health care costs, and patient’s morbidity and mortality .Hence prescribing drugs in generic names in the intensive care unit (ICU) promotes the rational use of drugs and also enhances patient safety. Methods: A retrospective study analyzed the prescription pattern of patients admitted to intensive care unit of tertiary care hospital in Dakshina Kannada which was aimed to determine the percentage of drugs prescribed by generic names. The study was carried out for a period of 6 months and the data of 100 patients who met study criteria were extracted from patient’s case records in a preformed performa after taking approval from institutional ethics committee and analysed by using Microsoft excel. The parameters assessed were demographic profile of the patients, indication, and utilization of different drugs. Results: A total of 100 patients were evaluated consisting 61% of males. Cardiovascular disease was involved in the majority of patients. The average number of drugs per prescription was 11.2 more than WHO recommendation. The average stay of patients in ICU was 3 days. Of drugs prescribed 158 (14%) drugs were prescribed by generic names which includes antibiotics, anticoagulant mannitol and 962(85.89%) by brand names. Conclusion: Study concludes that prescription pattern was not optimal in accordance with the standard values of WHO prescribing indicator. The findings underline that there is need to rationalize the drug therapy in terms of increasing prescribing of drugs by generic names instead of brand names.
Viresh K. Chandur, Shreya S.*, Ashitha Ephrem, Ramakrishna Shabaraya A., A Retrospective Observational Study To Determine The Percentage Of Drugs Prescribed By Generic Names In ICU Of A Tertiary Care Hospital In Dakshina Kannada, Int. J. in Pharm. Sci., 2023, Vol 1, Issue 11, 234-239. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10107374