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Abstract

Introduction: Plants and their products are a major source for food and medicine that are highly beneficial for various animals and humans. This article focuses on complete profile of Aegle marmelos L. which belongs to the family Rutaceae, is commonly known as bael, widely available in several places in India. Ethnobotany: Traditional use of A. marmelos for various diseases includes abdominal disorders, ulcer, cholera, diarrhea, nerve disorders, gonorrhea, heart disorders, dog bite, jaundice, snake bite and many more. A number of biologically active compounds isolated from various parts of A. marmelos which belongs to various chemical groups. Phytochemistry: The isolated components belong to Alkaloids, Terpenoids, Vitamins, Coumarins, Tannins, Carbohydrates, Flavonoids, Fatty Acids, Essential Oils and some other miscellaneous compounds. Pharmacological Activities: The plant also possesses various pharmacological activities such as Antioxidant, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antidiarrheal, Antidiabetic, Antiproliferative, Cytoprotective, Hepatoprotective, Antifertility, Analgesic, Antiarthritis, Contractile, Antihyperlipidemic, Cardioprotective, Radioprotective, Anticancer, Antiviral, Anti-ulcer, Immunomodulatory and Wound Healing properties. Conclusion: Hence this review can be a good reference for researchers who are willing to undertake further investigation about A. marmelos.

Keywords

Aegle marmelos, Ethnobotany, Pharmacological activities, Phytochemistry, Traditional use.

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Abdul Rahoop Mohamed Riyaz
Corresponding author

Arulmigu Palaniandavar Collage of Arts and Culture, Palani, Tamil Nadu, South India, 624601

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Thirupathi Jeyalalitha
Co-author

Arulmigu Palaniandavar Collage of Arts and Culture, Palani, Tamil Nadu, South India, 624601

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A. Kuthubu Nisha
Co-author

Arulmigu Palaniandavar Collage of Arts and Culture, Palani, Tamil Nadu, South India, 624601

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A. Amutha
Co-author

Arulmigu Palaniandavar Collage of Arts and Culture, Palani, Tamil Nadu, South India, 624601

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G. Gopalakrishnan
Co-author

Arulmigu Palaniandavar Collage of Arts and Culture, Palani, Tamil Nadu, South India, 624601

Abdul Rahoop Mohamed Riyaz, Thirupathi Jeyalalitha, A. Kuthubu Nisha, A. Amutha, G. Gopalakrishnan, Aegle marmelos: A Review Paper, Int. J. of Pharm. Sci., 2024, Vol 2, Issue 2, 348-359. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10650098

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